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  • Published: Mar 31st, 2009
  • Category: India
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Include agriculture in UNFCCC negotiations: IFPRI


| Sourced From The Hindu |

New Delhi (PTI): Agriculture, a significant mitigator of greenhouse gases, should be included in the global climate change negotiations to be held at Copenhagen, Denmark in December, a U.S. think-tank has said.

“Including agriculture in a Copenhagen agreement is essential. Agriculture can play an important role in mitigating greenhouse gas emissions,” the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) suggested.

The 15th Conference of Parties, also known as COP 15, of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is crucial because these parties had, in the last meeting in Bali in December 2007, agreed that the negotiations on future agreements have to be concluded at COP 15.

Suggesting measures to develop agriculture to reduce GHG emissions, IFPRI said, “Establish a chapter for agriculture related mitigation (and adaptation) investments as part of any global mitigation funding mechanism.”

Also, “include agriculture and land-use change from the outset of any Post-Kyoto agreement but allow for long-term means-tested adjustment opportunities”, it said

The world’s greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) comprise 40,809 metric tonnes of carbon dioxide, which equivalents (mtCO2e), it added.

In developing nations, GHG emissions stand at 22,186 mtCO2e, the think-tank said.

On the effects of climate change on agriculture, IFPRI said that rain-fed maize and rice yields would decline in the range of 17-20 per cent by 2050.

“Our children will pay the price of climate change. We must start adaption in agriculture now if we are to feed the world sustainably and reduce poverty,” it noted.

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